Pubblicazioni

A role for leukocyte-endothelial adhesion mechanism in epilepsy  (2008)

Autori:
P.F. Fabene, G. Navarro Mora, M. Martinello, B. Rossi, F. Merigo, L. Ottoboni, S. Bach, S. Angiari, D. Benati, A. Chakir, L. Zanetti, F. Schio, A. Osculati, P. Marzola, E. Nicolato, J.W.Homeister, L. Xia, J.B. Lowe, R.P. McEver, F. Osculati, A. Sbarbati, E.C. Butcher, G. Constantin
Titolo:
A role for leukocyte-endothelial adhesion mechanism in epilepsy
Anno:
2008
Tipologia prodotto:
Articolo in Rivista
Tipologia ANVUR:
Articolo su rivista
Nazioni degli autori:
STATI UNITI D'AMERICA; ITALIA
Lingua:
Inglese
Formato:
Elettronico
Referee:
No
Nome rivista:
Nature Medicine
ISSN Rivista:
1078-8956
N° Volume:
14
Numero o Fascicolo:
12
Intervallo pagine:
1377-1383
Codice PMID:
19029985
Parole chiave:
epilepsy, inflammation, mouse
Breve descrizione dei contenuti:
The mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of epilepsy, a chronic neurological disorder that affects approximately one percent of the world population, are not well understood. Using a mouse model of epilepsy, we show that seizures induce elevated expression of vascular cell adhesion molecules and enhanced leukocyte rolling and arrest in brain vessels mediated by the leukocyte mucin P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1, encoded by Selplg) and leukocyte integrins alpha(4)beta(1) and alpha(L)beta(2). Inhibition of leukocyte-vascular interactions, either with blocking antibodies or by genetically interfering with PSGL-1 function in mice, markedly reduced seizures. Treatment with blocking antibodies after acute seizures prevented the development of epilepsy. Neutrophil depletion also inhibited acute seizure induction and chronic spontaneous recurrent seizures. Blood-brain barrier (BBB) leakage, which is known to enhance neuronal excitability, was induced by acute seizure activity but was prevented by blockade of leukocyte-vascular adhesion, suggesting a pathogenetic link between leukocyte-vascular interactions, BBB damage and seizure generation. Consistent with the potential leukocyte involvement in epilepsy in humans, leukocytes were more abundant in brains of individuals with epilepsy than in controls. Our results suggest leukocyte-endothelial interaction as a potential target for the prevention and treatment of epilepsy.
Pagina Web:
www.pubmed.com
Id prodotto:
48759
Handle IRIS:
11562/-327364
depositato il:
16 febbraio 2009
ultima modifica:
16 febbraio 2009
Citazione bibliografica:
P.F. Fabene, G. Navarro Mora, M. Martinello, B. Rossi, F. Merigo, L. Ottoboni, S. Bach, S. Angiari, D. Benati, A. Chakir, L. Zanetti, F. Schio, A. Osculati, P. Marzola, E. Nicolato, J.W.Homeister, L. Xia, J.B. Lowe, R.P. McEver, F. Osculati, A. Sbarbati, E.C. Butcher, G. Constantin, A role for leukocyte-endothelial adhesion mechanism in epilepsy «Nature Medicine» , vol. 14 , n. 122008pp. 1377-1383

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